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1998 Spanish Best Practices selected by the International Jury >

Urban Cádiz Plan: Integrated Performances Program (Spain)

Para consultar la versión castellana de este documento, pulse aquí.

Reference Date: 26-07-1998

Experience selected in the 1998 Dubai Award for Best Practice, and catalogued as GOOD. ( Best Practices Database.)
País/Country: Spain

United Nations Region: Europe
Ecological region: Coastal
Activity: Neighbourhood
Partnerships: Local Authority. Academic, Research. Proffessional Asociation.

Themes = Architecture and Urban Design: historic preservation; landscape design; sustainable community design. Economic Development: capital formation; enterprise development (formal and informal sectors); micro-credit. Social services: education.

Main contact:
Enrique García Agulló y Orduña
Cádiz City Council (Local Authority)
Plaza San Juan de Dios s/n
Tel: +34 956 290213
Fax: +34 956 201120

Manuel Galán Vallejo
Cádiz University (Academic/Research)
C/ Ancha n.:16
Tel: +34 956 226302
Fax: +34 956 226809

Partner One Support Type: Technical Support

Javier Sánchez Rojas
Cádiz Enterprise Corporation (Professional Association)
Avda Ana de Viya n. 9
Tel: +34 956 28 19 03
Fax: +34 956 28 19 33

Support Type: Technical Support

Aurelio Crespo Mérida
Fondo Formación de Cádiz
Avda. de Guadalete s/n
Tel: +34 956 263211
Fax: +34 956 250405

Support Type: Technical Support

Organización nominadora
D. Marta García Nart
Comité Nacional Español
Paseo de la Castellana 67
Ministerio de Fomento
Madrid 28071
Tel: +34-91 597 75 72
Fax: +34-91 597 86 04

Key Dates

1995. Studies and analyze
1997. Training Program


The Urban-Cádiz Plan is configured by a set of performances whose final objective is centered in the social and economic reactivate of two neighborhoods located in the old part of the city and that belong to part of the area more depressed of the historical city, with strike rates superior to the 30%, and with an active population with low professional qualification levels. It has a duration of five years, being anticipated its ending for December of 1999. Their/its performances can be classified in large three measured:

  1. Integrative: Balance between infrastructure performances, social services, training and economic activities impulse.
  2. Creative of employmet: Through investments in the making and to boost the economic activities.
  3. Innovative: Concerning that they participate in its development political, economic and social institutions of the city.
  4. Sustainable: it is inserted within a Framework Program designed for the ancient hull, defines global performances that seek a energize and multiplying effect and lasting in the time.
  5. Transferable: It is considered a pilot program whose experience is transferable to any other city.


1. Situation before the initiative
The integrated performance program in the Neighborhoods of the Pópulo and Santa María (Urban-Cádiz Plan), it is a Program cofinanced by the European Union and the town hall of Cádiz through the Community Initiative Urban and whose period of execution ends in December of 1999, it is configured by a set of performances whose final objective is centered in the economic and social reactivation of two neighbourhoods located in the old part of the city of Cádiz and that belong to part of the area more depressed of the historical city what motive the development of the mentioned plan.

Previous situation
The neighbourhoods of the Pópulo and Santa María, in spite of the central position that occupy with respect the old part, they are absolutely marginal zones in terms of the economic activity, being estimated that its strike rates are very superior to the 30% of the average of the city and by so much of the highest of the European Union, what carries with himself some not alone problems of infrastructures or of habitat but also of quality of life, very removed from the European standards.

The neighbourhoods are found between the more densely populated of the old part (772 people/hectare) and present the accumulation levels but accuse, also the high unemployment index that is in the root of the economic difficulties that cross many families of the zone. The active population present some low professional qualification levels and the incorporation of the feminine population to the occupational world is very scarce.

Preparing the information and clarifying the priorities
For the development of the program the Town Hall of Cádiz approved the organizational structure of the same, in the one which is considered necessary the participation of the economic and social agents of the city, being constituted an Advisory Commission where they are represented and whose principal function is that of advice and conference of the different projects to execute. The entities that form part of the advisory commission of the Urban-Cádiz Plan are the following:

3. Objectives, strategies and mobilization of resources

General objectives of the Urban Cádiz Plan, and budgets
The Urban-Cádiz Plan has a budget of 2.316 Billion of those which pesetas 70% finances it the European Union and 30% remaining the Town Hall of Cádiz to obtain the objectives and to develop the programs that below are detailed indicating their/its budgets

  1. Improvement of the urban scene, of the life conditions of the population and environmental, through the reduction of equipment deficit, reurbanization of streets, modernization of services nets. Budget:1.095Millions of pesetas

  2. To Improve the economic support, restructuring the commercial activity and offering new terciary activities with capacity of innovacion. Budget: 522 Million of pesetas

  3. To impel social policy measures, facilitating training that contribute to the insert profesional. Budget: 699 Million of pesetas.

4. Process
To develop the Urban-Cádiz Plan was approved by the pleno of the Town Hall of Cádiz, an organizational structure formed by the following organs:

Equally and to develop the Plan have been signed different agreements with Institutions and Entities of the city as the Bishopric of Cádiz and Ceuta, the Architecture School of Seville, the Architects Association of Cádiz, the Industrious Arts School and Artistic Trades of Cádiz, Fondo Formación of Cádiz, Centro cultural El Pópulo and the Entrepreneurs Federation of Cádiz.

Difficulties for its introduction
To be a project integrated in the one which participate many entities, institutions and municipal dependencies, the coordination has been difficult to reach sometimes. In the same way the atomization of the project, with many performances within each measure, results difficult to manage sometimes.

4. Results Achieved

Rates of action

The Urban-Cádiz Plan is inserted within a Framework Program designed for the set of the old part of the city seeking its performances the energize and multiplying effect and lasting in the time. Also it seeks the balance between the performances in infrastructures, the economic and the social that permit not alone to improve the potentials of the human resources, but to establish the projects in those which goes to base the recovery of the economic activity.

Learned lessons
It is important in an integral plan as is the Urban Cádiz Plan that it will be participative in given levels of its management and that are represented the institutions and entities affected in the project, also of this collaboration have emerged agreements between the town hall of Cádiz and different involved institutions and with those which is worked narrowly for the attainment of the objectives of the plan.

It is tried a program whose performances are transferable to other cities with marginal neighbourhoods with similar characteristics to the existing in our city thus, the results transfer of the Urban Cádiz Plan is effected in the different follow-up meetings of the Urban Plan that are organized between the different cities with Urban Plan approved in Spain under the control of the Economy and
State Ministry and concretely of the Administrative Units of the Structural Funds, in the cited encounters are exchanged experiences and results. Also the Town Hall of Cádiz is founding member from 1992 of the Permanent Conference of Peripheral Europeans Port Cities, formed furthermore by the cities of: Brest (France), Den Helder (Holland), Plymouth (United Kingdom) and Tarento (Italy) and to those which is being informing of the projects in execution. Also this project can serve as an example within international plans as can be the program Habitat II.

5. The experience in numbers
Financial Profile:
The budget of Urban-Cádiz Plan is 2.316 millions of pesetas during five years.
It's found by:


Hidalgo, José Antonio (1995) "Beginning to arrive the subsidy of the Urban Plan for the Pópulo" (Diario de Cádiz, 19-10-95, Cádiz) .

Hidalgo, José Antonio (1995) "Approved the first projects of the Urban Plan" (Diario de Cádiz, 26-10-95, Cádiz) .

Borrego, Manuel (1995) "The Urban Plan starts with the first meeting of Advisory Commission" (Cádiz Información, 10-11-95, Cádiz) .

Borrego, Manuel (1996) "17 cities accepted to the Urban Plan unify criteria in Madrid" (Cádiz Información, 26-01-96, Cádiz) .

Anes, Juan (1996) "The PP starts the rehabilitation of the neighborhoods The Pópulo and Santa María, included in the Urban Plan". (ABC, 10-03-96, Madrid) .

Alonso, Maria del Mar (1996) "The Pópulo will be converted into a craft and tourist neighbourhood with 2.2 billion of the Urban Plan". (El correo de Andalucía, 22-03-96) .

Redacción (1996) "Approved the training courses integrated in the Urban Plan". (Diario de Cádiz, 18-04-96, Cádiz) .

J.M. (1996) "The European Union praises the social aspects of the Urban-Cádiz Plan". (Diario de Cádiz, 28-04-96, Cádiz) .

Anes, Juan (1996) "Town halls of other regions are interested by the Urban-Cßdiz Plan". (ABC Sevilla, 15-09-96, Sevilla) .

Hidalgo, José Antonio (1997) "The Urban Plan is reactivateed with the Agreement signed with the Church". (Diario de Cádiz, 25-02-97, Cádiz) .

Hidalgo, José Antonio (1998) "The Urban closes with the Junta de Andalucia the last agreement for its development". (Diario de Cádiz, 24-01-98, Cádiz) .

Hidalgo, José Antonio (1997) "Indicias of recovery in the trade of the Plocia street". (Diario de Cádiz, 07-08-97, Cádiz) .

Este documento se ha editado a partir de una versión inglesa.
Revisado por Nerea Morán Alonso.

1: The level middle of execution referred to the percentage that supposes the accomplished payments total and the expense committed until December of 1.997 respect to the total budget of the measure.

1998 Spanish Best Practices selected by the International Jury >
Ciudades para un Futuro más Sostenible
Búsqueda | Buenas Prácticas | Documentos | Boletín CF+S | Novedades | Convocatorias | Sobre la Biblioteca | Buzón/Mailbox
Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Grupo de Investigación en Arquitectura, Urbanismo y Sostenibilidad
Departamento de Estructuras y Física de la EdificaciónDepartamento de Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio